- Facts and information on cattle -

The United States and Brazil are the top beef producing countries in the world.

In the US, Texas has the most beef cows.

Cattle outnumber humans in 9 states: Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Oklahoma, and Wyoming.

A cow's gestation period is approximately 283. This is the average number of days from the day a cow is bred to the time she has a calf.

The salivary glands of cattle, located beneath the tongue, produce 15-20 gallons of saliva per day.

A cow consumes approximately 33,000 bits a day.

A 1000-pound cow will produce 4 tons of manure in a year.

A cow's diet is mainly grass and hay, with some feed supplements. Ruminate animals like cows and deer have a complex three or four part stomach that allows them to digest grass. They "chew the cud", which means they re-chew the food they've already chewed slightly and swallowed.

A cow spends 6 hours eating and 8 hours chewing its cud each day.

The average cow has more than 40,000 jaw movements per day.

Cows have 1 stomach that is divided into 4 parts - Rumen, Reticulum, Omasum and Abomasum.

The American Angus Association is the largest purebred cattle registry in the world.

The Santa Gertrudis breed was developed on the legendary King Ranch. The King Ranch is located in Texas and spans 825,000 acres (larger than the state of Rhode Island). The Santa Gertrudis was developed from a cross between Shorthorn and Brahman cattle. The Santa Gertrudis is credited as being the first breed developed in the USA.

The Chianina cattle were developed in Italy as a dual purpose beef/draft animal. They were especially popular in the 1970's-80's when the beef industry wanted extremely tall cattle. Though originally solid white in color, now you will likely only find black individuals in the USA.

The American Shorthorn Assoc. is located in Omaha, NE. The roan color pattern arises from an incomplete dominance of the red and white genes. This causes the animal to have both white and red hair throughout its body. This is different from spots, since the colors almost blend together.

Charolais cattle are originally from France and are noted for their easy growth and large weaning weights. They are used quite often in crossbreeding programs to add muscle and growth to Angus or Angus-cross cows.

A 'black baldy' most times is a cross between an Angus and a Hereford.

Hamburger meat from 1 steer would equal 720 quarter-pound hamburgers, enough for a family of 4 to enjoy hamburgers each day for nearly 6 months.

More than 100 medicines, including insulin and estrogen, come from cattle.

One cowhide can produce enough leather to make 20 footballs or 18 soccer balls or 18 volleyballs or 12 basketballs.

Beef is the number one source of zinc in the human diet in the United States.

Cattle are ruminant animals. They have a stomach with four compartments, which allows them to eat feeds like grass and hay that humans cannot eat.

Cattle consume less than 2/10ths of 1% of all water used in the United States.

Beef fat, called tallow, is an ingredient in soaps, cosmetics, candles, shortenings, and chewing gum.

Bones are used to make glue and fertilizers. Blood meal, a fertilizer, is made from blood.

Gelatin, made from bones and horns, is used in making candies, marshmallows, ice cream and photographic film.

Other products besides beef are made from the beef carcass. Leather, made from the hide, is used to make a variety of items, from clothing to basketballs. Eight pairs of cowboy boots can be made from one cowhide.

A cow that weighs 1000 pounds will make a carcass weighing about 615 pounds. The carcass makes about 432 pounds of meat.